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George and Louise Patten collection of Salem Hyde papers and cultural artifacts

 Collection — Multiple Containers
Identifier: MS-022

Scope and Contents

The collection features documents, research material, and correspondence related to Salem Hyde’s archaeological hobbies. Also included in the collection are many slides of South and Central American archaeological sites as well as a variety of artifacts from those regions. Of note is the correspondence between Mr. Hyde and Emilio Estrada (1916-1961). Estrada was a businessman and archaeologist in the Ecuadorian town of Guayaquil. His research site near Valdivia, Ecuador, revealed pottery that showed similarities to the Jomon pottery from Japan (3000-2000 BCE), which gave rise to a theory of transpacific migration during that time. There is also correspondence between Mr. Hyde and two of the leading archaeologists of the day, Drs. Betty Meggars and Clifford Evans.


  • Creation: 1905-1969


Language of Materials

This collection contains materials in English.

Conditions Governing Access

This collection of Salem Hyde papers and cultural artifacts collection is open for research.

Conditions Governing Use

The copyright status of this collection has not been evaluated.

Biographical / Historical

Salem Hyde (1906-1969) was a Cleveland, Tennessee resident and businessman. He founded Insurance Inc. of Cleveland and also was associated with the Aetna Insurance Company for several years. He also was an amateur archaeologist and devoted his adult life to anthropological matters. He was a graduate of Amherst College in Massachusetts and was a member of the Cleveland Rotary Club and St. Luke’s Episcopal Church. He also belonged to several archaeological and anthropological societies. Mr. Hyde was first married to the widow of George Tarbell Patten, Sr. After her death in 1963 Mr. Hyde married Edith Sullivan. Only a week after making a large donation of documents, letters, books and pottery sherds from South America to the University of Chattanooga, in late 1968, Hyde passed away after suffering a heart attack. His collection was given in memory of his first wife, Louise Womack Patten and her first husband, George Tarbell Patten, Sr.


17.71 Linear Feet (23 Boxes)

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Salem Hyde donated this collection to the University of Chattanooga on 1968 December 1.

Existence and Location of Copies

Digital reproductions of the collection are available electronically at

Processing Information

Processing of this collection is complete.

George and Louise Patten collection of Salem Hyde papers and cultural artifacts
Under Revision
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
Script of description

Collection Area Details

Part of the Manuscripts Collection Area

University of Tennessee at Chattanooga Library
c/o Special Collections
600 Douglas Street
Chattanooga Tennessee 37403 United States